Software design documents, sometimes referred to as software design specification documents or technical specification documents, explain how a specific piece of software or software feature should be developed. They're important technical documents that focus on the how of the development process. Software design documentation is essentially a roadmap that details the entire developmental process of a software, typically about how the teams will design the core skeleton and code the programs that will make up the software. Using a comprehensive design documentation template is a surefire way of ensuring that the process doesn't turn out to be a huge flop, thereby leading to problems during coding and deployment.Below is a great software design documentation example:
Pro Tip: The software design document (or SDD) is a little bit different from the software requirements document. The requirements document focuses on what your product will do, rather than how you get there.
The software design document is a vital documentation tool in the software development, engineering businesses, and even project management industries. They're normally developed by product managers, the product owner, software designers, and other high-level design team members.
Some people dread dealing with software design documents and would rather get right down to business, but these powerful documents are well worth the time investment necessary to put them together and are key elements in developing a great software product. To save time, design document templates should be used to slash the time-spent on writing from scratch by at least 50%.
Before starting on the SDD, take a moment to ensure you have all the necessary elements. Use a technical design document template to reference back to while you create the SDD.
The standard components of a software design document include:
A general summary of the software and its functionality keeps goals on track and quickly informs new stakeholders of the overall mission. This should include essential components, identifying details, and a description of what the software will do.
A detailed design document template will facilitate the creation of such a summary section.
Guidelines provide clear instructions to the development team, ensuring consistency and cohesion. These rules serve as a reference point for coding standards, naming conventions, and architecture decisions. This ensures that the codebase is consistent, maintainable, and scalable.
A well-documented software design template also mitigates risks by outlining assumptions and dependencies, thus facilitating better risk management and change control.
UX (User Experience) and UI (User Interface) instructions are guidelines for designers and developers to help them create effective, user-friendly products. These instructions ensure that the product is intuitive, easy to use, and meets the needs of its target audience.
When creating software application design documentation, UX and UI procedures should include design elements, colors, fonts, and code snippets.
You can gather user experiences from similar existing products to learn from others' past mistakes. Using hypothetical situations in which users employ the product to achieve a specific goal, developers can understand their decision-making to create a more intuitive product.
A detailed design document template incorporates user stories for an added level of UX improvement.
When there are clear milestones combined with an outline of functional goals, a detailed design document template doubles as a kind of product roadmap. Milestones such as core app services and data development provide expectations of a healthy timeline while maintaining transparency. Engineers can refer back to software documentation guidelines routinely so as not to stray too far from their foremost goals.
The system architecture provides a framework for designing and integrating various subsystems, components, and services to achieve the desired functionality, performance, and scalability. These critical metrics determine the size and scale of the system.
We've provided numerous software design document examples for developers to seek inspiration or better understand how an SDD should look for their system.
Our agile design document templates leave room for testing and maintenance guidelines. It's the manager's responsibility to direct all stages of testing, including:
- Unit testing
- Integration testing
- System testing
A maintenance plan will outline how the system will be monitored, updated, and maintained over time. Ongoing testing should be frequent to ensure the system continues to perform as expected.
A system design document template contains a section dedicated to best practices and general guidelines for completion. This glossary outlines details from the brand kit to coding criteria.
The goal of these instructions is to help operations stay efficient and deliberate.
Software design documents aren't exactly beloved by software developers and engineers (no one likes to do the work), but they can truly work wonders for your software development process. If you'd enjoy some extra help, our easy-to-use design documentation template takes a lot of the writing burden off your plate. They offer tons of benefits, including:
Let's face it, the reason people dislike software design documents is because they force them to put the work in and get organized early in the game. This is actually a great thing. When a development team gets their thoughts down on paper at the outset of a project, it helps everyone get organized and avoid doing unnecessary work. Also, more time is saved when you utilize the fast-tracking benefits of our design documentation template.
No one likes conflict with clients or other external stakeholders. Putting together a great development guide from a software design template helps avoid just that. A great design doc can act as a kind of informal contract between clients and programmers. You'll both agree on the most important details of your software development at the outset, fostering clear communication on both sides.
Pro Tip: If any client misunderstandings arise in the future, you'll be able to refer back to what you agreed upon in your design docs.
Software design documents aren't static files anymore; they're dynamic and foster great collaboration, especially when they're developed on a collaborative platform like Slite. Since the vast majority of software is designed collaboratively, these documents provide a central document for various team members to refer back to. For example, the application design documentation provided by us here on Slite is team-centric, encouraging project managers and lead developers to involve their teams in the writing process.
Because the design document lays everything out in one place, it provides a clearer view when making comparisons and evaluating performance. Team members have a visual representation of current operations and can use it to brainstorm new opportunities for innovation.
When looking for a software design document template, one of the most important things to keep in mind is collaboration. As mentioned above, the best software design documentation is written collaboratively, and you'll need to find a platform that facilitates team members working with each other effectively.
That's where Slite comes in. We have a software design doc template that's perfect for all your software project needs. It's free, highly customizable, looks sleek across different devices and browsers, and is easy for anyone to use.
If you're a developer, software engineer, or working on a software engineering team, our software design documentation template is a dream come true.
Creating an SDD is no walk in the park, even for experienced managers. Slite's software design specification template makes writing up a project plan far smoother. Now that you know the essential components, let's cover how to write a software design document.
The title and brief description are written on the design documentation template in the default form. You and your team can customize the supporting content to express the aim and summary of the document. This introduction section should be short and to the point; you will get into the details throughout the document in the appropriate areas.
Next up in the agile design document template is the overview section. Describe what the software will achieve and the problems it will solve. Use visual aids like infographics or even videos here. For text, we recommend using a bulleted or listed format for clarity and scannability.
What problems will this software solve for users, and what makes it unique? In this section of the system design document template, provide a clear explanation and predict how the system will provide valuable solutions.
Now for the fun part of the detailed design document template: describe how the software accomplishes said problem-solving and explain the features users will interact with. What would a typical user experience look like? How will each feature work?
Many teams use visual aids to illustrate these things and highlight beneficial UI-UX attributes.
Milestones should be accompanied by a timeline so that team members understand their expectations and stakeholders remain informed. This could be sorted into weeks, months, or quarters, and should be flexible enough to accommodate changes.
Slite's technical design document template has a chronology section so you don't have to build complicated calendars from scratch.
Of course, KPIs and OKRs should be established early on. They can be altered occasionally, but in general, they align with overarching goals and allow teams to spot weaknesses or mitigate risks. Our solution design document template recommends these measurements in a bulleted list, as KPIs should be easily read and understood.
Lastly but certainly of no less importance, how will you ensure a successful launch? This section in the design document template describes how the product will be delivered to customers, including the sign-up process and marketing tactics. Also important to note is how you plan to repair problems that may arise during launch, and how long will that take?
From our point of view, every software developer needs great software design documentation skills in their repertoire. If you're ready to write one for your product or software system start by:
When beginning the development of a software or application design documentation, make sure that you get started on a collaborative document. It might feel like a lot of work and meetings early on, but you'll be thankful that you did so further down the road. You'll be able to collect early suggestions and feedback from key team members and establish team workflows that'll serve you well throughout your development process.
You'll want your software design document to look like something that someone would want to read. Staring at a page full of text isn't exactly enticing. Be sure to include visual elements when writing about your software project (think photos, charts, and diagrams). This makes your documentation easier to read and can actually help you explain yourself (and the proposed solution) better. If you use a design documentation template like Slite's, you'll enjoy smart prompts for sections that use media and visual aids.
An excellent software design document has one objective: if someone reads your SDD and isn't able to talk to you in-person or ask any questions, they shouldn't have any trouble getting started developing the piece of software right away. Although this is unlikely to happen in reality, keeping this in mind when writing your document or using design document templates will steer you in the right direction.
Last but not least, make sure to write clearly when writing your software design document. Even if you're using the most solid solution design document template, keep in mind that it should be as accessible as possible. Don't use unnecessarily complicated language, and simplify whenever you can. Design docs aren't always the easiest read, so this ensures that everyone from a client to a graphic designer to a software developer can read through it and understand the gist.
...voila! It looks like you're ready to write a high-level software design document. If you need guidance, refer back to this article as needed and get ready to soak in the benefits of this effective software documentation tool.